The Linear Flexible Inverted Pendulum module augments the classic inverted pendulum challenge by including a flexible link that requires balancing. The Linear Flexible Inverted Pendulum module attaches to the Linear Servo Base Unit and has both a rigid long rod and a flexible link. The goal is to balance both pendulums using the base angle measurement as well the deflection angle of the flexible link.
Linear Flexible Inverted Pendulum
The linear flexible inverted pendulum challenges students to gain advanced modeling and control experience by controlling both the damping of a flexible link, and an unstable inverted pendulum.
The 2 DOF Ball Balancer module consists of a plate on which a ball can be placed and is free to move. Two Rotary Servo Base Units are connected to the sides of the plate using 2 DOF gimbals. The plate can swivel about in any direction. By controlling the position of the servo load gears, the tilt angle of the plate can be adjusted to balance the ball to a desired planar position. The digital camera mounted overhead captures two-dimensional images of the plate and track coordinates of the ball in real time. Images are transferred quickly to the PC via a FireWire connection. Students can make the ball track various trajectories (a circle, for example), or even stabilize the ball when it is thrown onto the plate using the controller provided with the experiment.
The Linear Motion Control Lab is one of the most popular, flexible and modular solutions for teaching controls. Based on the world’s leading turn-key platform for controls education, it is designed to help engineering educators reach a new level of efficiency and effectiveness in teaching controls.
The 2 DOF Robot module is connected to two Rotary Servo Base Units, which are mounted at a fixed distance. Two servomotors on the Rotary Servo Base Units are mounted at a fixed distance and control a 4-bar linkage system: two powered arms coupled through two non-powered arms. The system is planar and has two actuated and three unactuated revolute joints. The goal of the 2 DOF Robot experiment is to manipulate the X-Y position of a four-bar linkage end effector. Such a system is similar to the kinematic problems encountered in the control of other parallel mechanisms that have singularities.
Same as the physical QUBE-Servo 2, the virtual system features a DC motor with the inertia disk and inverted pendulum modules. Rotary encoders measure the angular position of the DC motor and pendulum. The motor angular velocity is measured through a software-based tachometer.
The force between electromagnet and ball is highly nonlinear. Further, the electromagnet itself has its own dynamics that must be compensated for. The challenging dynamics of the system make it perfect for teaching modeling, linearization, current control, position control, and using multiple loops (i.e. cascade control). It could also be used to test and implement more advanced control strategies, such as multi-variable, gain scheduling, and nonlinear control.
QLabs Controls is a collection of virtual laboratory activities that supplement traditional or online control systems courses. The virtual hardware labs are based on Quanser QUBE-Servo 2 and Quanser AERO systems which allows you to combine physical and virtual plants to enrich lectures and in-lab activities and increases engagement and students’ learning outcomes in class-based or online courses.